The Christmas tree shopping season begins as urban pumpkin patches give way to tree lots and cut-your-own Christmas tree growers open their ranches for business. As you start thinking about the selection of your own Christmas tree, you won't be alone in your search: according to the National Christmas Tree Association, around 30 million live Christmas trees are sold each year in the United States.
No matter where you buy your Christmas tree, here's how to make sure it stays fresh, green and festive with smart shopping and care:
Going shopping. As with anything that comes into a home decorating scheme, everyone has their own opinions and preferences. The right tree for you is quite simply the one you like best (see favorite Christmas tree varieties, below); beyond that, all you need are some common-sense shopping guidelines to ensure that the one you select is a good fit in terms of size and freshness.
Before you head out the door on a Christmas tree shopping quest, settle on a location for your tree and measure both the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the space. While highly visible pride of place is a given, the tree is best located away from heat sources and shouldn't block entrances or routine household traffic.
Once you've got space measurements in hand and your ideal tree aesthetic in mind, start shopping with an eye for freshness. Buying from a cut-your-own tree farm is the best assurance of an ultra-fresh product, but there are plenty of great candidates available at neighborhood lots, too. Just do a freshness test by sharply bending a few of a tree's needles with your fingers: except in super-fibrous pine varieties, fresh, green needles will break crisply just like a fresh carrot. Some dry interior needles are natural, but take a pass on any tree that has excessive needle loss and foliage discoloration, wrinkled bark or a musty odor. If you're still in doubt and can't pin down the vendor as to the tree's arrival date, move on to another lot.
Care and feeding of your Christmas tree. After buying your Christmas tree, it's time to decide whether you'll be putting it up immediately or taking a few days' break before doing the trimming, give your Christmas tree a trunk trim and a generous drink of water. For outdoor storage, choose a shady, sheltered spot, and before placing the tree in a bucket of water, make a straight cut half an inch from the bottom of its trunk to aid moisture absorption. The tree's first 24 hours at your home are typically its thirstiest, so keep an eye on the water level.
When you're ready to bring your Christmas tree indoors for its starring holiday role, make sure you've got a stand suited to its dimensions, with a reservoir allowing one quart of water capacity for every inch of the trunk's diameter. Cut another half inch off the bottom of the tree's trunk before placing it in the stand (make sure it's a straight cut, as tapers or angles don't help absorption or stability), and fill that reservoir with plain tap water. That's right--plain water. Research has shown that it's the best for your tree, and that such additives as bleach, aspirin and fertilizer can actually be detrimental to moisture retention. Keep the reservoir full and the water line above the trunk's base via daily checks, and you'll enjoy a lush, fresh tree throughout the holidays.
The season's end will eventually arrive, giving both you and your tree an opportunity to do something good for the environment. Christmas trees can easily be recycled into nutrient-rich mulch, and most cities now have post-holiday collection programs for that purpose. To find one in your area, enter your zip code at www.christmastree.org .
Favorite Christmas tree varieties. Regional availability, decoration style and family tradition all influence Christmas tree shopping and selection. Here's the scoop on top tree varieties that'll be starring in living rooms around the country this season.
To go green, go live. If you're thinking that buying a live Christmas tree isn't the most eco-friendly holiday choice, think again. Unlike their mostly plastic, artificial counterparts, live Christmas trees contribute positively to the environment where they're raised, are a renewable resource (one to three seedlings are planted in place of every tree harvested), and are recyclable and biodegradable after their decorative purpose has been fulfilled.