Want to give your walls a fresh look? There are many reasons to crave new surroundings. It could be that you need a change from the last time you updated your wall coverings – or that you need to deal with outdated or, well, questionable design choices by your home’s previous occupants.
If you’ve got a tricky-to-remove treatment such as paneling, tile or textured drywall, a little creativity and flexibility go a long way toward solving the problem. Before you swing into demolition mode, a little surface assessment is needed so you can determine what can go, what you can (or will have to) work around or over, and what can be transformed.
Keep reading to learn about the different wallcovering materials and get tips on the best way to remove them, or, failing that, disguise them so you’d hardly recognize that hated old surface.
Old paneling is one of the trickiest wallcoverings to overcome, and there’s still a heck of a lot of it around today. It’s possible to remove it, but not without a lot of effort and possible damage to the surface underneath if glue has been used in addition to easy-to-remove paneling nails.
If that falls within your adventure confidence zone, determine whether or not your paneling is glued to the wall. Remove a small piece of paneling, which may involve pulling off some molding to access an open edge, or remove an outlet or switch plate cover and see if you can determine its application there. If the wall paneling isn’t glued down, go ahead and rip it all out.
If it is glued down, know that you will probably need to replace the drywall. When you rip out the paneling, glue will peel away the papered surface of the drywall underneath. Spot-patching of damaged drywall is a major job, not always successful when the area to be repaired is extensive.
Attempts at paneling camouflage generally aren’t successful, either, as we’ve told many a caller to our Money Pit Home Improvement Radio Show who has considered plastering the grooves in existing paneling to create a smooth surface. Instead, if you’re going to keep paneling in place, play into its texture and graphic elements by priming it and giving it a fresh coat of paint. You can either use one color for a simpler backdrop, or make the most of paneling’s built-in vertical guidelines by painting subtle stripes on the surface in contrasting tones or sheens.
Once again, your first step in the rip-out-or-live-with-it evaluation is determining the condition of the plaster. Plaster is generally durable unless it gets wet, at which point it can lead to dangerous sags, especially if it’s of the early-1900s variety that was installed over wood lath. If yours is in good shape, you’re best off leaving it as is and installing new drywall over the plaster for a super-smooth remodeling canvas. It requires re-trimming the doors and adjusting the electrical outlets, but it beats the massive amounts of dust and dirt that’ll fill the air if you attempt a time-consuming demolition.
When it comes to wallpaper removal, we recommend using a rented steamer over any other gadget on the market (and believe us, there are a zillion gadgets out there). A steamer will work with either paper or vinyl-based coverings. Make the going easier with vinyl by lightly scoring it from floor to ceiling beforehand to allow the steam to get underneath the surface for a smoother liftoff.
When you’re ready to go, work one small area at a time (generally the width of one roll of the wallpaper), moving from the top down and heavily saturating the wall surface as you go. As the steam loosens the adhesive, you’ll be able to pull it back and away for easy removal. Once your walls are unpapered, use a mixture of distilled white vinegar and water to remove any remaining adhesive, and be sure to prime walls before applying a new finish.
Although this is a project you most likely can do yourself with enough time, determination and patience, you might want to consider hiring a professional to do it. It’s just not pleasant, especially when it comes to wallpaper that’s been up a long time, which is usually the most hideous and, therefore, most in need of a change. You might find it’s worth giving up a few lattes and investing in a pro who can get your wall paint-ready for you to take it from there.
It’s possible to minimize the effects of wall texturing with a good sanding, but texture is almost always related to a stucco application that isn’t really designed to come off before the turn of the next century, so your results may be mixed. A better bet is to cover textured walls with an altogether new surfacing material.
Removing tile is a doozy of a job ─ difficult, involved, and like glued-down paneling, requires some wall reconstruction after it’s removed. You can replace damaged tiles on an individual basis using a tool like the Rotozip, a little wonder that looks like a drill bit but cuts sideways like a router. Otherwise, the makeover options are few. Painting or retexturing of the surface doesn’t usually make for a great result. You’ll have to look into either regrouting the tile or sprucing it up with adhesive embellishments.
The one exception here is mirrored tile, which can be removed in a few careful steps. To prevent dangerous breakage and shattering, start by covering the surface with contact paper to hold the tile together. Then use a piece of piano wire (wrapped around dowels on each end for an easy grip) to access the space between the mirrored tile and the wall, moving it like a saw to cut through the glue holding the tiles to the surface. In most cases, you’ll still wind up with some damage to the wall surface behind those groovy mirrors, but that can be remedied with an application of drywall or other surfacing. Mirrors can break during the process, so be sure to protect yourself with safety goggles, gloves and appropriate clothing.
Most homeowners at some point or another will find themselves needing or wanting to remove an old or undesired wall treatment. The correct way to proceed depends on the material, how it was originally applied and whether you’re willing to invest the time and sweat to get rid of it. Nevertheless, some wall coverings will have to be left in place, but can be modified to be less of an eyesore. The bottom line is that no matter what’s on your walls, there are options available to make it more pleasing to look at.